Chandigarh, the dream city of India’s first Prime Minister, Sh. Jawahar Lal Nehru,was planned by the famous French architect Le Corbusier and was named after the local diety “Chandi” – the Goddess of Power. Picturesquely located at the foothills of Shivalik, it is known as one of the best experiments in Urban planning and modern architecture in the 20 th century in India. The foundation of the city was laid in 1952 and subsequently in 1966, the city assumed the unique distinction of being a union territory, besides capital of two states Punjab and Haryana. The city was initially planned for a population of 5 lakhs, but as per the census 2011 the population figure is 10,54,686.
The administrative area in the north comprising the secretariat, High Court and Assembly Chamber is the head; the Educational Centres in the north –east are limbs, the Chief Commercial and Civic Centre is the heart where the residential areas are analogous to the trunk of the organism. The network of roads and footpaths through which the circulation of traffic and population takes place is circulatory system. The spacious parks, green belts and other open spaces act as lungs of the city.
The basic planning unit of the city is a sector and stretching over an area of 114 sq.Kms the city is divided into 56 sectors and each measuring 800 metres by 1200 metres having all modern facilities shopping Centres, schools, hospitals, places of worship, recreational Centres, playgrounds, plenty of open spaces etc. are available in each sector for its residents. At present there are 6 villages namely Khuda Alisher,
Kishangarh, Raipur Kalan and Makhan majra 7 villages namely KhudaAlisher as per 2011 Daria,MauliJagran and Behlana converted into Census Town as per 2011 Census and two villages namely KhudaLahora and KhudaJassu shown as OG (Out Growth). As per 2011 Census, Nine villages i.e. Badheri, Butrela, Burail, Attawa,
Hallomajra, Kajheri, Palsora, Maloya and Dadumajra are under the Municipal limits of Chandigarh (in 2006).
The quality of life in Chandigarh is unparalleled and its excellence social infrastructure makes it a highly livable place. City offers clean and greensurroundings with educational and health infrastructure which is high class and most modern. The presence of National level institutes, Educational Centres of Excellence and a large number of other prestigious organizations makes it an important regional hub.
Higher education needs to be viewed as a long-term social investment for the promotion of economic growth, cultural and spiritual development, social cohesion, equity and justice. In order to meet the XII Plan aim of inclusive growth and sustainable development higher education sector has to play a pivotal role. Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA) is an endeavour to achieve this end. RUSA, launched by Govt. of India, will cover two plan periods and the cardinal objective of the scheme is to achieve the Gross Enrolment Ratio target of 25.2% by the end of current plan period (XII Plan) and 32% by the end of next five-year plan period( XIII Plan ). RUSA would provide funding to the State universities and colleges to address equity, access and quality in an equitable manner .The U.T., Administration , Chandigarh has adopted RUSA under Centrally Sponsored Scheme as its flagship programme. State Higher Education Council (SHEC) has been constituted under the chairmanship of Professor Arun Grover , Vice-Chancellor , Panjab University and Shri Sandeep Hans , Director Higher Education, Chandigarh Administration as Member Secretary-cum-State Project Director of the Council .The Council would aim to prepare skilled human resource with rich moral and social values so that the youth can give their best for the national development .